Demat 101: A complete guide
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Personal Finance
- Swati Tripathi
- 2022-12-10
- 03 min read
#demat account

Investing should be your top priority, regardless of your financial objectives. You've probably heard this advice from folks who are experts in money management. The stock market is a fantastic investment area as long as you understand how it works. You can make a lot of money if you play your cards well. But all it takes is one bad play to turn the tables.

For many people, the financial markets are a magical place. It develops, multiplies, and protects wealth to some level. These are some main reasons why so many investors flock to it. But, you might wonder, how can you start your productive adventure here?

The possession of a Demat account is the starting point. Starting your investing here is a requirement. Some have dubbed it the "passport" to the lucrative world of financial markets. Before registering a Demat account, you should know a few things about it.

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What exactly is a Demat account, and how do you get one?

A Demat account, often known as a 'Dematerialised account,' is a digital or electronic means of keeping securities. In India, having such an account is required to purchase or sell stocks or other financial products. This Demat account number is then used for all stock market transactions. You can only trade in stocks, equity, ETF, IPOs, and certain debt instruments. You can't keep any securities without a Demat account.

Any stockbroker, including banks and other financial institutions, can open a Demat account with either or both of the two central depositories - National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL) and Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL).

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How does it help?

Investors with Demat accounts don't have to bother about the paperwork that comes with trading stocks. It may not seem like much, but it helps prevent a lot of the confusion and problems that come with paper shares. Because no paperwork is involved, the chance of misplacing vital documents is greatly reduced. The Depository Act of 1996 introduced this system in India, making dealing in shares much more convenient.

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Features and Benefits of a Demat Account

Holding and trading securities using a Demat account give the following advantages over dealing with physical certificates and experiencing transaction delays:

  • You won't have to worry about protecting your stocks, bonds, or debentures. In a Demat account, they are safe.
  • When compared to their physical counterparts, transaction expenses are lower.
  • Investing in shares online is quick and uncomplicated with a Demat account.
  • You are free to sell as many shares as you desire, even once, at any time.
  • Physical certificates carry theft, falsification, faulty delivery, and transfer delays, to name a few. All of these dangers are eliminated with a Demat account.
  • With a Demat account, electronic settlements are simple and convenient.
  • Because of the reduced paperwork, transferring securities is quicker.
  • The transfer of securities is exempt from stamp duty.
  • You only need one Demat account to hold both stock and debt assets.
  • The overall transaction cost is reduced when you have a Demat account.
  • Because there is no complex documentation to deal with, traders can work from anywhere.
  • The use of a Demat account allows for the quick transfer of securities (what could be better than saving time while also making money?)
  • You can have Public Issue refunds automatically credited to your bank account.
  • You'll be able to keep track of any transactions that are forwarded to you via email.
  • You can sell the securities at any time of day, which boosts liquidity (during trading hours)
  • You can also use ECS to receive an automatic credit of rights, bonuses, public issues, and dividends.
  • All you have to do is give the Depository Participant an instruction for things like changing your address, registering a power of attorney, and so forth (DP)

Is it safe to have a Demat account?

In many aspects, Demat accounts are similar to bank accounts. Your stocks are safe as long as you take basic precautions to guarantee that others do not gain access to your account details. Therefore, you must not disclose your Demat and Trading account details (user identification and password) to anybody and that you change your password regularly.

To open a Demat Account, you'll need the following documents:

A list of documents, including personal information and bank/income information, is required to open a Demat account. The following is a list of the documents that must be submitted.

  • Identity proof
  • Address proof
  • Proof of bank account
  • Passport size photographs
  • Proof of income
  • PAN card

The account opening process has been simplified thanks to the online method. You can now open a Demat account by submitting papers and completing KYC online.

Here are a few Demat Jargons to help you comprehend this article better.

  • Demat
    Dematerialisation is referred to as demand. It is the process of digitally storing securities. For stock investors, the SEBI has mandated using a Demat account.

  • Depository participant
    A depository participant is a depository agent who helps customers open Demat accounts. They are registered with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (Securities and Exchange Board of India).

  • Depository
    A depository is a financial institution that holds and provides Demat accounts. In fact, depositories hold all securities owned by investors in digital format. NSDL and CDSL are the two principal depositories. In addition, a depository keeps track of all depository participants (DP).

  • National Securities Depository Limited (NSDL)
    NSDL stands for National Securities Depository Limited. When the Demat account was first offered to the Indian stock market in 1996, it was formed. NSDL had 2,45,96,176 active investor accounts as of November 30, 2021.

  • Central Depository Services Limited (CDSL)
    Apart from NSDL, Central Depository Services Ltd is the other depository. There are 592 registered partners and 5,26,37,291 active accounts on the platform.


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